Social learning theory power point

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1. SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY Bandura Study Overview 2. LEARNING OUTCOME Explain Social Learning Theory, making reference to two relevant studies. Explain: Give a…
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  • 1. SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY Bandura Study Overview
  • 2. LEARNING OUTCOME Explain Social Learning Theory, making reference to two relevant studies. Explain: Give a detailed account including reasons or causes.
  • 3. NORM A set of rules based on socially or culturally shared beliefs of how an individual ought to behave.
  • 4. SHOPPING NORMS What are a few of the norms when standing in the Check-Out line? What do you do and what don’t you do? How did you learn these rules?
  • 5. SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY  Proposed by Albert Bandura SLT states that humans learn behavior through observational learning – watching models and imitating their behavior.  Direct Impact – The modeler is trying to change behavior of the observer  Indirect Impact – The modeler is not trying to change the behavior of the observer
  • 6. IN ORDER FOR SLT TO OCCUR THERE MUST BE …  Attention: Pay attention to the Model  Retention: Remember the Model’s action  Motor Reproduction: Copy the Model’s action  Motivation: Want to demonstrate what they have learned
  • 7. MOTIVATING FACTORS IN SLT  Give an example of this type of learning in the real world  Consistency: If the model behaves in a way that is consistent across situation- always being brave- then the observer will be more likely to imitate their behavior than if the model behaves differently depending on the situation.  Identification with the Model: There is a tendency to imitate models who are like ourselves. (Age, Gender, Etc.)  Rewards/Punishments: Bandura argues that people can learn from observing the consequences of others; they don't need to experience those consequences themselves. This called vicarious reinforcement and happens when we watch what happens to others around us.  Liking the Model: Warm and friendly models (or ones that we like nonetheless) are more likely to be imitated than cold, uncaring models. A study (Yarrow et al. (1970)) found that children learn altruistic (helpful) behaviors better from people who they had developed warm relationships than from strangers.
  • 8. BANDURA ET AL. (1961) THE BOBO DOLL EXPERIMENT  Bandura on the Bobo Doll Study
  • 9. BANDURA ET AL. (1961)  Aim: To discover if children would imitate aggressive behavior modeled by adults; Also, to know if children were more likely to imitate same-sex models.  Method:  Participants: 72 Children (3-6 Years Old)  Treatment Group 1: Observed an adult model playing violently with a Bobo Doll.  Treatment Group 2: Observed a model assembling toys for 10 minutes. (Non-Violent)  Control: Did not Observe a Model
  • 10. BANDURA ET AL. (1961) Findings: Children were significantly more aggressive (and in novel ways) when they had observed a violent model.  Children were more likely to imitate same-sex models. Conclusion: Children can learn aggressive behavior based on social observations  Social Learning Theory Criticisms: Ecological Validity? Others?
  • 11. MONKEY SEE, MONKEY DO!  Vervet Monkeys using Social Learning
  • 12. VAN DE WAAL ET AL. (2014) Aim: To determine the circumstances and models that shape social learning. Method:  Field Observation of wild Vervet Monkeys  Placed sandy grapes in the field and observed the strategies that the monkeys would use to eat the grapes.
  • 13. VAN DE WAAL ET AL. (2014) Findings:  Four different strategies of eating the grapes were adopted by different groups of monkeys.  All Infant monkeys first adopted the strategy of their mother even if other strategies were present.  Mothers who explored the grapes in different ways were more likely to have infants who were more likely to explore the grapes differently. Conclusion: Vervet Monkeys learn their habits from observing the actions of their mothers. Critical Thinking
  • 14. CHARLTON ET AL. (2002) Aim: To investigate whether the introduction of T.V. to a community (St. Helena) increases aggressive behavior among children. Procedure: Natural Experiment Set up cameras on a playground and observed behavior of children (Ages 3-8) from two local schools. Compared results before and after.
  • 15. CHARLTON ET AL. (2002) Findings:  No noticeable increase in aggressive behavior developed after T.V. was introduced.  Teachers & Adults explained that there were strict rules on children on the island Discussion/Conclusions: Children may learn behaviors but not display them for various reasons. Does not challenge SLT, rather, Bandura et al. (1961). Criticisms: Ecological Validity? Others?
  • 16. VIOLENT VIDEO GAMES  Do Violent Video Games Make Us Violent? PBS Special
  • 17. SLT AND VIOLENT MEDIA DISCUSSION QUESTIONS  Do you think violent media leads to aggressive behavior in the real world?  How does Social Learning Theory relate to this issue?  Do videogames meet the motivations for SLT to take place?  According to SLT, what elements may have impacted Adam Lanza?  Should there be restrictions placed on violent media/videogames?
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