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MOTILAL OSWAL SECURITIES LTD, DAVANGERE. INTRODUCTION: In the current economic scenario, fluctuation in the share market has put investors in confusion. One finds it difficult to take decision on investment. This is primarily, because of investments are risky in nature and investors have to consider various factors before investing in investment avenues. These factors include risk, return, safety, volatility of shares and liquidity. The main objective of the study is to analyze the equity share
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    MOTILAL OSWAL SECURITIES LTD,   DAVANGERE. INTRODUCTION: In the current economic scenario, fluctuation in the share market has put investors in confusion.One finds it difficult to take decision on investment. This is primarily, because of investmentsare risky in nature and investors have to consider various factors before investing in investmentavenues.   These factors include risk, return, safety, volatility of shares and liquidity. The mainobjective of the study is to analyze the equity shares and to know the where investors prefer toinvest in stock market.Analysis has done on percentage method for studying equity shares. Those who havewell knowledge in equity market they can go for equity investments rather that investing inmutual funds because no control on the expenses made by the fund manager.The study will guide the new investor who wants to invest in equity, by providingknowledge about the equities.Indian Stock Markets are one of the oldest in Asia. Its history dates back to nearly 200years ago. The earliest records of security dealings in India are meager and obscure. The EastIndia Company was the dominant institution in those days and business in its loan securities usedto be transacted towards the close of the eighteenth century. By 1830's business on corporatestocks and shares in Bank and Cotton presses took place in Bombay. Though the trading list wasbroader in 1839, there were only half a dozen brokers recognized by banks and merchants during1840 and 1850.    MOTILAL OSWAL SECURITIES LTD,   DAVANGERE. The 1850's witnessed a rapid development of commercial enterprise and brokeragebusiness attracted many men into the field and by 1860 the number of brokers increased into60.In 1860-61 the American Civil War broke out and cotton supply from United States of Europewas stopped; thus, the 'Share Mania' in India begun. The number of brokers increased to about200 to 250. However, at the end of the American Civil War, in 1865, a disastrous slump began(for example, Bank of Bombay Share which had touched Rs 2850 could only be sold at Rs. 87).At the end of the American Civil War, the brokers who thrived out of Civil War in 1874,found a place in a street (now appropriately called as Dallal Street) where they wouldconveniently assemble and transact business. In 1887, they formally established in Bombay, the Native Share and St ock Brokers' Association (which is alternatively known as “The Stock  Exchange ). In 1895, the Stock Exchange acquired a premise in the same street and it wasinaugurated in 1899. Thus, the Stock Exchange at Bombay was consolidated. Trading Pattern of the Indian Stock Market Trading in Indian stock exchanges is limited to listed securities of public limitedcompanies. They are broadly divided into two categories, namely, specified securities (forwardlist) and non-specified securities (cash list). Equity shares of dividend paying, growth-orientedcompanies with a paid-up capital of at least Rs.50 million and a market capitalization of at leastRs.100 million and having more than 20,000 shareholders are, normally, put in the specifiedgroup and the balance in non-specified group.    MOTILAL OSWAL SECURITIES LTD,   DAVANGERE. Two types of transactions can be carried out on the Indian stock exchanges:1. Spot delivery transactions for delivery and payment within the time or on the date stipulatedwhen entering into the contract which shall not be more than 14 days following the date of the contract”  2. Forward transactions delivery and payment can be extended by further period of 14 days eachso that the overall period does not exceed 90 days from the date of the contract . The latter ispermitted only in the case of specified shares. The brokers who carry over the outstanding paycarry over charges (can tango or backwardation) which are usually determined by the rates of interest prevailing.A member broker in an Indian stock exchange can act as an agent, buy and sell securitiesfor his clients on a commission basis and also can act as a trader or dealer as a principal, buy andsell securities on his own account and risk, in contrast with the practice prevailing on New York and London Stock Exchanges, where a member can act as a jobber or a broker only.The nature of trading on Indian Stock Exchanges are that of age old conventional style of face-to-face trading with bids and offers being made by open outcry. However there is a greatamount of effort to modernize the Indian stock exchanges in the very recent times.    MOTILAL OSWAL SECURITIES LTD,   DAVANGERE. STOCK EXCHANGES:  Exchanges are the physical locations where stocks are bought and sold. They are thesisters of the over-the-counter (OTC) market. The OTC refers to a market in which securitiestransactions are conducted through a telephone and computer network connecting dealers instocks and bonds, rather than on the floor of an exchange. Together, these two markets form thesecondary market. The primary and secondary markets together make up the stock market.Exchanges are located all over the world, with the most famous one being the New York Stock Exchange. The NYSE annually trades almost $12 trillion dollars worth of capital.Thousands of stocks are listed on this exchange. When you buy a stock, you will need to learnwhich exchange(s) list it. Other than locating a quote in the newspaper, with online trading andthe automation of order systems, there is very little reason to determine where the stock tradesfrom the customer's viewpoint.The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulates stock trading andexchanges. The National Association of Securities Dealers (NASD) administers additionalregulation. The NASD makes and enforces rules for its members and enforces federal securitiesacts and the SEC makes rules for its membership. As you read more about investing, you willbecome more familiar with these organizations and their protective regulations. BOMBAY STOCK EXCHANGE (BSE): This premier stock exchange is the oldest stock exchange in Asia.   The srcin of Bombay stock exchange dates back to 1875. It was organized under the name of „the native stock and share brokers association as voluntary and non-profit making association. It was recognized onthe permanent basis in 1957. In March 1995, the Bombay stock exchange has introduced screenbased trading called BOLT (Bombay Online Trading).
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