Bacterial Infectious Diseases


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Jeonhee Jang L.Ac. Ed.M Bacterial infectious diseases Anthrax : multiplication of Bacillus anthracis in the body. Bacterial meningitis : inflammation of the protective membranes of the central nervous system. Botulism : blockage of nerve function and respiratory as well as musculoskeletal paralysis. Brucellosis : entrance of Brucella bacteria by direct contact or untreated/contaminated milk of animals. Campylobacteriosis : an inflammatory and at times bloody diarrhea or dysentery. Cat scratch d
    Jeonhee Jang L.Ac. Ed.MBacterial infectious diseases Anthrax : multiplication of Bacillus anthracis in the body.Bacterial meningitis : inflammation of the protective membranes of the central nervous system.Botulism : blockage of nerve function and respiratory as well as musculoskeletal paralysis.Brucellosis : entrance of Brucella bacteria by direct contact or untreated/contaminated milk of animals.Campylobacteriosis : an inflammatory and at times bloody diarrhea or dysentery.Cat scratch disease : after 7 to 14 days or 2 months after a cat scratch, tender regionallymphadenopathy, slight fever, headache, chills, malaise, abdominal pain, backache,convulsions or sterile suppurative papules at the site of inoculation occur.Cholera : transmission of Vibrio cholerae by ingestion of contaminated food or water causesdiarrheal disease.Diphtheria : upper respiratory tract illness having sore throat, low-grade fever and an adherentlayer on the tonsils, nasal cavity, pharynx.Epidemic Typhus : caused by louse-borne bacteria.Gonorrhea : common sexually transmitted disease caused by Neisseria gonorrheae.Impetigo : superficial skin infection common in the age group of 2 to 6.Legionellosis : pneumonia or mild respiratory illness like acute influenza.Leprosy (Hansen's disease) : granulomatous disease of the peripheral nerves and mucosa of theupper respiratory tract.Leptospirosis : biphasic disease with meningitis, liver damage and renal failure.Listeriosis : occurs in newborn infants, elderly people and immunocompromised patients.Lyme disease : rash and flu symptoms followed by musculoskeletal, psychiatric, neurologic,arthritic and cardiac manifestations.    Melioidosis : caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, which is found in soil and water.MRSA infection : characterized by quick weight loss and muscle depletion.Nocardiosis : Nocardia asteroides or Nocardia brasiliensis affects either the lungs or the entirebody.Pertussis (Whooping cough) : severe hacking cough followed by high intake of breath.Plague : occurs when person is bitten by an infected flea.Pneumococcal pneumonia : illness of the lungs and respiratory system where the alveoli areinflammed and filled with fluid.Psittacosis : contracted from parrots, pigeons, hens, ducks, sparrows and sea gulls.Q fever : due to inhalation of contaminated particles in the air or contact with the vaginalmucus, milk, feces, semen, urine of infected animals.Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever : most severe rickettsial illness in the United States.Salmonellosis : causes typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever and foodborne illness.Scarlet fever : infection may occur through bloodstream or skin and underlying tissues.Shigellosis : dysentery due to poor hygiene.Syphilis : sexually transmitted disease due to sexual contact or congenital mode.Tetanus : prolonged contraction of skeletal muscle fibers.Trachoma : infectious disease of human eye probably leading to blindness.Tuberculosis : generally attacks the lungs but may affect central nervous system, circulatorysystem, lymphatic system, bones, joints, genitourinary system and skin.Tularemia : heachache, fatigue, muscle pains, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, inflammationof face and eyes and lymph nodes.Typhoid fever : due to ingestion of food or water adulterated with feces of an infected person.Typhus : severe headache, sustained high fever, severe muscle pain, rash, cough, chills, stupor,decreasing blood pressure, delirium characterize it.Urinary tract infections : cystitis or pyelonephritis.    Fungal infectious diseases Aspergillosis : allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis or pulmonary aspergilloma or invasiveaspergillosis.Blastomycosis : inhalation of fungus from the natural soil habitat.Candidiasis : found in exposed and moist parts of the body like the vagina, vulva, penis, foreskin,skin around nostrils, nostrils, ear, oral cavity, nipples, folds of skin in diaper area.Coccidioidomycosis : caused by inhalation of airborne, fungal particles called arthroconidia.Cryptococcosis : caused by inhalation of soil contaminated with the encapsulated yeast.Histoplasmosis : primarily affects the lungs.Tinea pedis : affects the epidermis of the foot. Parasitic infections diseases African trypanosomiasis : transmitted by the tsetse fly. Symptoms are fever, headaches and joint pains.Amebiasis : due to ingestion of water or food contaminated with amoebic cysts.Ascariasis : due to ingestion of food contaminated with fecal matter containing Ascaris eggs.Babesiosis : generally transmitted by ticks.Chagas disease : transmitted to humans by blood-sucking assassin bugs.Clonorchiasis : caused by the Chinese liver fluke.Cryptosporidiosis : caused by contaminated material like earth, water, uncooked or cross-contaminated food in contact with the feces of an infected person or animal.Cysticercosis : caused by larvae of tapeworm, generally found in pork.Diphyllobothriasis : characterized by abdominal discomfort, vomiting, weight loss and diarrhea.Dracunculiasis : caused by drinking water containing infected copepods.    Echinococcosis : fatal disease due to infection by tapeworm larvae.Enterobiasis : infection due to pinworms leading to poor appetite, restless sleep and itching of the anus.Fascioliasis : caused by Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica.Fasciolopsiasis : caused when aquatic plants are eaten raw and water drunk unheated.Filariasis : transmitted by mosquitoes or deer fly.Free-living amebic infection : caused by Naegleria fowleri and Acanthamoeba found in lakes,tap water, swimming pools and air conditioning units.Giardiasis : starts in the small intestine.Gnathostomiasis : due to migrating immature worms.Hymenolepiasis : caused by Hymenolepis nana or Hymenolepis diminuta.Isosporiasis : symptoms are diarrhea and weight loss. Sometimes linked with AIDS.Leishmaniasis : transmitted by certain varieties of sand fly.Malaria : transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes.Metagonimiasis : symptoms are diarrhea and colicky abdominal pain.Myiasis : caused by fly larvae feeding on the host's necrotic or living tissue.Onchocerciasis : the second leading infectious cause of blindness.Pediculosis : infestation of lice on the human body.Scabies : characterized by superficial burrows, secondary infection and intense itching.Schistosomiasis : due to infection of the blood with schistosome leading to weakness, liver andintestinal damage.Taeniasis : infection involving pork and beef tapeworms.Toxocariasis : caused by ingestion of dog or cat roundworm.
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