UN 2009 Handbook on Geospatial Infrastructure in Support of Census

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UN 2009 Handbook on Geospatial Infrastructure in Support of Census
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   S  o c i   al   Af  f   ai  r  s  E c o n o m i c & UnitedNations H ANDBOOK   ON  G EOSPATIAL I NFRASTRUCTURE   IN S UPPORT   OF  C ENSUS A CTIVITIES  Department o Economic and Social Aairs Statistics Division Handbook onGeospatial Infrastructurein Support of CensusActivities United NationsNew York, 2009 asdf ST/ESA/STAT/SER.F/103 Studies in Methods Series F No. 103  ST/ESA/STAT/SER.F/103UNITED NATIONS PUBLICATIONSales No. E.09.XVIII.8ISBN: 978-92-1-161527-2Copyright  United Nations, 2009All rights reservedPrinted in United Nations, New York  Department o Economic and Social Aairs he Department o Economic and Social Aairs o the United Nations Secretariat isa vital interace between global policies in the economic, social and environmentalspheres and national action. he Department works in three main interlinked areas:(i) it compiles, generates and analyses a wide range o economic, social and environ-mental data and inormation on which States Members o the United Nations draw to review common problems and to take stock o policy options; (ii) it acilitates thenegotiations o Member States in many intergovernmental bodies on joint courses o action to address ongoing or emerging global challenges; and (iii) it advises interestedGovernments on the ways and means o translating policy rameworks developed inUnited Nations conerences and summits into programmes at the country level and,through technical assistance, helps build national capacities. Note he designations used and the presentation o material in this publication do notimply the expression o any opinion whatsoever on the part o the Secretariat o theUnited Nations concerning the legal status o any country, territory, city or area, or o its authorities, or concerning the delimitation o its rontiers or boundaries.Te term “country” as used in this publication also reers, as appropriate, to ter-ritories or areas.Te designations “developed regions” and “developing regions” are intendedor statistical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgment about the stagereached by a particular country or area in the development process.Symbols o United Nations documents are composed o capital letters combinedwith gures. Mention o such a symbol indicates a reerence to a United Nations docu-ment.    iii Preace he United Nations published the Handbook on Geographic Inormation Systems and Digital Mapping  or use during the 2000 round o population and housing censuses.he 2000 Handbook has provided useul guidance in the ield o census cartography. Itneeds updating and reviewing, however, to take into account recent developments ingeospatial technologies and their applications or statistical exercises, in particular orpopulation and housing censuses.For the 2010 World Programme on Population and Housing Censuses, the Sta-tistical Commission, at its thirty-sixth session, requested that the United Nations Sta-tistics Division proceed with its work on the revision and update o Principles andRecommendations or Population and Housing Censuses. he Commission requestedthat the Statistics Division address some related speciic issues, including the applica-tion o geographic inormation systems (GIS) in both the collection and disseminationo data. hese developments have been relected in the Principles and Recommenda-tions or Population and Housing Censuses, Revision 2 , which were adopted by the Sta-tistical Commission in March 2007.Subsequent to the adoption o the Principles and Recommendations, Revision 2 ,the United Nations Statistics Division initiated a series o activities to promote andsupport the 2010 World Programme on Population and Housing Censuses and review the 2000 Handbook , taking into account recent geospatial technological advances. InMay 2007, the Statistics Division organized an expert group meeting in New York oncontemporary practices in census-mapping and the use o geographical inormationsystems. he meeting was held to provide input into the revision o the 2000 Hand-book . he Statistics Division also conducted, in the ourth quarter o 2007 and early in2008, ive workshops on the use o geospatial technologies in census-mapping opera-tions. wo workshops were held in Arica or English-speaking and French-speakingcountries, respectively, while one workshop each was held or the Asian, Caribbeanand Paciic island regions. he Statistics Division hired a consultant, David Rain, toassist in the preparation o the drat revised Handbook . In April 2008, a second expertgroup meeting was organized in New York to review the drat revised Handbook .he newly revised and renamed Handbook on Geospatial Inrastructure in Sup- port o Census Activities relects the recommendations o the expert group meetingsand regional workshops on GIS and census-mapping. hose bodies emphasized theneed or countries to approach the use o census geography programmes as a continu-ous process rather than merely a sequence o mapping and dissemination operations.It was emphasized that the Handbook should demonstrate how the use and applicationo contemporary geospatial technologies and geographical databases are beneicial atall the stages o the population and housing census process. For instance, the Hand-book should show how those technologies improve eiciency in the preparatory, enu-meration, processing and dissemination phases o the census.In this regard, it is important that the Handbook put into the hands o censusplanners and related personnel a technical guide on the contemporary methods, toolsand best practices that would enable them to better articulate their needs and dealwith census-mapping operations more eiciently. In short, the Handbook covers both
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