Teaching Listening n Speaking

 Documents

 30 views
of 35

Please download to get full document.

View again

All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Description
DR ROSNIAH MUSTAFFA PPBL, FSSK The role of listening Listening ± the µneglected¶ µoverlooked¶ or µtaken for granted¶ skill. € Assumed that listening ability will develop automatically through exposure to the language. € Of the time an individual is engaged in communication, 9%-writing, 16% reading, 30% speaking and 45% listening. So, listening is important € RM THEORY AND PRACTICE FOR ESOL 2 listening process. € Bottom-up process in listening- we use our knowledge of language and our abilit
Share
Tags
Transcript
  DR ROSNIAH MUSTAFFA PPBL  , FSSK  The role of listening   Listening ± the µ neglected¶ µov erl ook ed¶  o r  µ ta k en fo r    granted¶   s k ill.     A ssumed   that   listening   ability w ill   de v el op aut o matically   thr  o ugh   ex po sure   t o the   language.  Of  the   time   an   indi v idual   is   engaged   in   c o mmunicati o n , 9%-w riting , 16% reading , 30% s p ea k ing   and 45% listening. So, listening   is   im po rtant RM2THEORY AND PRACTICE FOR ESO L  listening process.  B o tt o m - u p p r  o cess   in   listening -w e   use o ur   k n ow ledge of  language   and o ur    ability   t op r  o cess   ac o ustic   signals   t o ma k e   sense of  the   s o unds   that   s p eech p resents   t o us.    W e   use w hate v er    clues   a v ailable   t o in f  er    meaning - the p lacement of  stress , p auses , n o n  v erbal   beha v i o ur etc   A ssign   meanings   t o wo rds   and   use   l o gical   reas o ning   t o in f  er    relati o nshi p bet   them -R ain   in Jo h o r    damaged p r  op erty. T h o usands   h o meless RM3THEORY AND PRACTICE FOR ESO L   D uring   the p r  o cesses of  identi f  ying   s o unds , in f  erring   meaning   and   antici p ating w hat   c o mes   next , mem o ry   clearly p lays   a   crucial   r  o le.    W e   can o nly   h o ld wo rd   sequences fo r  o nly   a f  e w sec o nds   and o nly   initial   analysis of  the   language   is po ssible , c o ncentrating o n k ey  wo rds o r  p auses o r  o ther    signi f  icant f  eatures.  T he   l o ad o n   the   sh o rt   term   mem o ry   is   hea v y   as   listeners   try   t o h o ld  v ari o us p arts of  the   message   in   mind w hile   in f  erring   meaning   and   deciding w hat   is   necessary   t o retain.    Ov erl o ad   can o ccur    i f  there   is   t oo much   un f  amiliar    in fo and   the   greater   p art of  a   message   can   be   l o st. I t   is   the   gist of  the   s pok en   message   rather    than   its   detailed   structure   that   is   retained   and   st o red   in   the   l o ng   term   mem o ry RM4THEORY AND PRACTICE FOR ESO L
Related Search
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks