OPAL-RT RT14: Wind farm reactive power coordination

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1. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 1 Shijia Li MEng. Candidate, Department of ECE, McGill University…
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  • 1. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 1 Shijia Li MEng. Candidate, Department of ECE, McGill University Supervisor: Prof. Geza Joos Email: shijia.li@mail.mcgill.ca Wind Farm Reactive Power Coordination Scheme Using IEC 61850
  • 2. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 Outline IEC 61850 and GOOSE messaging Case study – Wind farm controller  Configuration  Tools  Results 2
  • 3. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 IEC 61850 Overview & Benefits  Substation Automation Systems (SAS)  Defines the communication between intelligent electronic devices (IEDs).  Benefits  Multi-vendor interoperability  Low cost (installation and commissioning)  Free configuration Source: Special report IEC 61850—ABB Group 3
  • 4. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 GOOSE Message  GOOSE message  Time-critical activities communication between IEDs  Multicasting  Publisher/subscriber mechanism Source: IEC 61850-7-1 4
  • 5. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 Publisher/Subscriber  SCL file  Substation Configuration Language  IED configurations and communications 5 OPAL-RT GOOSE message blocks
  • 6. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 Outline IEC 61850 and GOOSE messaging Case study – Wind farm controller  Configuration  Tools  Results 6
  • 7. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 System Configuration  Centralized wind farm control  Utility grid code:E.12-01  PCC voltage (±6%)  Implement IEC 61850 protocol  Communication between WTG and wind farm controller 7 System configuration
  • 8. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 Wind Farm Reactive Power Coordination  Centralized wind farm control  Voltage regulation at PCC  Q dispatch based on reactive power capability for each WTG  Send/receive information using IEC 61850 GOOSE  Q set points for each WTG  Q capability from each WTG 8 Wind farm reactive power coordination scheme
  • 9. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 Tools  Hardware  OPAL-RT simulator  Network switch, cables  Laptop  Software  Modeling • Matlab Simulink, RT-LAB  SCL file configuration • ICD designer, XML marker  Network protocol analyzer • Wireshark Real-time simulation setup for wind farm reactive power coordination scheme 9
  • 10. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 Real-Time Simulation Model Network Console WTG1 WTG2 WTG3 10 Console WTG1 WTG2 WTG3 Network
  • 11. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 Troubleshooting  Wireshark  Packet analyzer  Used to capture and analyze GOOSE packets  Decoding  Destination address  Data set  Data attribute  Data value Data set Data attributes and values 11
  • 12. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 Simulation Results 100 200 300 400 500 600 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 100 200 300 400 500 600 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 100 200 300 400 500 600 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 Time (s)ReactivepoweratWTG(pu) WTG 1 WTG 2 WTG 3  Control mode  Unity power factor  Reactive power coordination 100 200 300 400 500 600 1 1.05 1.1 Time (s) RMSvoltageatPCC(pu) Unity Power Factor Voltage Control 12 RMS voltage at PCC (pu) Reactive power at WTG (pu)
  • 13. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 Conclusion and Future work  Conclusion  OPAL-RT simulators allow for the testing of IEC 61850 GOOSE messaging.  Wind farm control strategy successfully implemented employing IEC 61850 GOOSE messaging.  Future work  Agent-based decentralized controller  Other distributed energy resources 13
  • 14. The 7th International Conference on Real-Time Simulation Technologies Montreal | 9-12 June, 2014 Q & A Thank you! 14
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