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Directions:​​ ​Most​ ​people​ ​believe​ ​that​ ​a​ ​Christmas​ ​Truce​ ​happened​ ​in​ ​1914,​ ​but​ ​not​ ​everyone  agrees​ ​that​ ​a​ ​football​ ​(American​ ​soccer)​ ​match​ ​was​ ​played.​ ​Read​ ​and​ ​study​ ​the​ ​documents  about​ ​the​ ​WWI​ ​Christmas​ ​Truce​ ​in​ ​1914,​ ​then​ ​answer​ ​the​ ​following​ ​questions.​ ​You​ ​may​ ​answer  on​ ​this​ ​document​ ​and​ ​turn​ ​it​ ​into​ ​Google​ ​Classroom​ ​when​ ​you​ ​are​ ​finished.    1.​ ​ ​Write​ ​a​ ​credibility​ ​statement​ ​f
  Directions:  Most people believe that   a   Christmas Truce   happened   in 1914,   but not   everyone agrees   that   a   football   (American soccer)   match   was played. Read   and   study the   documents about the WWI   Christmas   Truce in   1914,   then answer   the   following questions. You   may answer on   this document   and   turn it   into Google   Classroom when you are   finished. 1.   Write a credibility statement   for each   of the   three sources that you think are   the most reliable   sources of   information   about the   1914   Christmas Truce. Standard: IS.4.MC - Determine credibility of sources based upon their srcin, authority, and context.  The   fourth article, written   by a   well   known British television   presenter named   Dan   Snow   is a   great   source   to learn   about   what   exactly   happened   that   Christmas   day.   He   states,   “they exchanged gifts and took   photos - but   it was   an   opportunity to   leave   the   damp   of the   trenches   and tend   to the   dead   and wounded of No Man’s   Land”   which is more believable   than   two   sides   who completely   hate each   other   playing   a   friendly game   of    soccer. It   is more   realistic to   leave the   trenches   to   “tend to   the   dead   and wounded”,gift exchanges, and   photos. You can   look up   Dan Snow to   see   what great   stories he   covers   on the   BBC Broadcasts. The   fifth article,   written   by Shirley Seaton who co authored   a   book called,   The Christmas Truce.   The   article may   not   go   into   deep   detail,   but   the   reader   can infer that   this   day   wasn’t   all fun and exchanging presents and   such.   She   says,   the   ground on Christmas   Day   was   frozen,   destroyed   by shells and littered   with   dead bodies.   The   'football match' has   been   falsely   blown up   Seaton told CNN” which   means   that there   was   no such   thing   as   a soccer game   between   the   two sides. Shirley Seaton can easily   be reached   as   you   can find her email   on her   website   and   she   has   also   written   a second   book about   WW1. The   seventh   article, a   picture and a   caption   taken   by a man   who works   at the   Hulton Archive   via   Getty Images.   Today,   you can   still find pictures   being   posted   from   Getty Images   which   proves that   this   is still a reliable   source.   There   is an   actual   picture   of    some   German   soldiers sharing   cigarettes with the   British soldiers   that   Christmas. It   even shows the   location and exact date   the   picture   was taken in;   January   9th, 1915 in Ploegsteert   Belgium, south of Ypres. You can   look up   the   company,   Hulton Archive   and Getty   Images to   get   a good description of what   their   mission was/is   and   to   reach out   to   their   photographers. The   eighth article,   written   by an Englishman,   this time written   by   Alfred   Dougan   Chater   tells the   tale   of what   miraculously   happened   on this Christmas   day.   He   describes   as   he   notices German   soldiers walking over   to   the   British side   with   no   weapons.   “We were just going to   fire   on them   when we saw   they   had no rifles, so   one   of    our   men   went to   meet   them   ”   He goes into great   detail   on what   exactly   happened   that day   from the   “joint   burials” to   signing autographs   to   each other. Alfred also   writes   that   the   German’s proposed   another   truce on New Year’s   Day   to   supposedly,   “see   how the   pictures   turned   out” on Christmas that   Day. This article   actually   states the   full name of the   author,   so it is easily accessible   to   search   his   name on the   internet   and find his   letter.    2.   What   are   some   things that you are   sure happened   during the   Christmas Truce   of 1914? Mending   to the wounded and   burying   the dead,   trading between   the   sides occurred, some   minor gift   exchanges such as chocolates   and   cigars, photographs   and autographs. 3.   Why   are    you sure they happened? I   am not positive,   but it   is   more believable than a   soccer match   being played   as I   was   not there myself   to witness this. These were   all stories retold by another   person   whether   they were there or   not. 4.   While   people believe there was   a   Christmas Truce   in 1914,   not   everyone is   convinced that a football   (soccer) game took   place. Based on the   10   documents you read,   do    you believe a football   match happened   during the   Christmas Truce   of 1914?   Cite and   explain at   least three pieces of evidence   that support    your   opinion. Standard:   RH.1  -   Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.   No, I   don’t   believe an   actual   soccer match   occurred   during the Christmas   Truce of   1914. There is   simply not enough   valid evidence   to   prove such a   miraculous   event occurring. Mark   Connelly, professor at   the center   of war in   Kent, UK states, “   there is   no absolute hard,   verifiable evidence   of a   match .   . .   the event has been   glorified   beyond   recognition.” which means people twisted   up   this story   so much    you can’t   even   recognize it. An English   soldier cited,   “We had   a rather sad occurrence on Christmas   Day… the   Germans fired   on   them, killing two   and   wounding many   more.”. He said   that the English   and the   German’s   negotiated a truce,   but the   German’s took   advantage of the   situation by opening   fire on the   British when they came   out of   their trenches.   However, this   doesn’t mean   that there wasn’t a   game ever   between   the two   sides.   The front   stretched long over   borders   of many countries,   so   a game or two   may have been   played although   lots of historians   believe not. The decision   to play   a   game between the   two   sides was there for every   single regiment   along the front.   Though there were   soldiers who   never  mentioned a game   being played,   some did   exist.   One soldier explains   to his   wife, “two battalions opposite each   other   were shooting away   all day and   so   I hear   it was   further north, 1st Royal Battalion   playing football with   the   Germans opposite   them - next   reports shooting each other.” This means   that he   heard   that one   battalion was playing   a   game of   soccer with the   opposing side but   another battalion was   still fighting.   Lieutenant Hans Hermann,   a   German soldier said, “   “   Suddenly   a Tommy   [nickname for English   soldier] came with   a   football, kicking   already   and making fun,   and then began   a   football match.”   which proves   there was   a   match played. 4. Exceeding Standard 3. Standard Met 2. Approaching Standard 1. Standard Not Met IS.4.MdC. Determine   credibility of    sources   based upon   their    srcin, authority,   and context. Evaluated   the credibility of a   source   by   analyzing its   srcin,   authority, context and corroborative (supporting)   value. Evaluated   the credibility of a   source   by determining its   srcin, authority and context. Evaluated   the credibility of a   source   by determining its   srcin   and authority. Used fact and opinion to determine   the credibility of a   source.  RH.1 Cite   specific   textual evidence to support analysis   of    primary and secondary sources. Clearly   identified   key evidence   in the text   that supports analysis and assessment of primary and secondary sources Identified   evidence   in the text that supports analysis   of primary and secondary sources. Identified   evidence   in the text   that   may support analysis   of primary and secondary sources. Did   not identify appropriately   supportive evidence   in the text.    
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