Qualitative Research Design * Dr. A. Asgari


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1. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH DESIGN Dr. Azadeh Asgari Research Methodology 2. Qualitative Research <ul><li>Examples:…
  • 1. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH DESIGN Dr. Azadeh Asgari Research Methodology
  • 2. Qualitative Research <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Piaget’s research on the cognitive development of children </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies on under enrolled schools in Tehran </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnograph studies on abroginies in the district of gombak </li></ul>
  • 3. Qualitative Research <ul><li>Types of Qualitative Research : </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental research </li></ul><ul><li>Historical research </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnograph studies </li></ul>
  • 4. Case Studies <ul><li>Purpose: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> to do an in depth study; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>background, current status and/or environmental factors that interact for each group (individual, institution or community) </li></ul>
  • 5. Characteristics Of Case Studies <ul><li>It gives very detail information about individuals / group / community. </li></ul><ul><li>It may give a detailed explanation of a complete life cycle or part of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Number of cases studied may be small but the number of variables studied are usually more and more in depth if compared to a survey. </li></ul>
  • 6. Developmental Research <ul><li>Conducted to research on the development of individuals / group / institution / community </li></ul><ul><li>TWO TYPES: </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-sectional </li></ul><ul><li>Longitudinal </li></ul>
  • 7. Historical Research <ul><li>Used to gain information on an event, development and/or previous educational experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Process may involve studying previous situation, checking on current situation, and to predict if the same situation will occur again </li></ul>
  • 8. Historical Research <ul><li>Conclusion on previous event is done based on collected facts and evidences to answer why and how the event, development and educational experience occurred. </li></ul><ul><li>Useful to solve problems that involve sensitive issues </li></ul><ul><li>Important for collecting and defining facts and evidences systematically & objectively </li></ul>
  • 9. Procedure for Historical Research <ul><li>Define the problem </li></ul><ul><li>Specify source of evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Collect evidence / reference materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary source / original (observation or witnesses of events or authentic objects – eg. Artifacts, speech text, records etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary source (materials or information collected from primary sources eg. Paintings, films, news reports, documents - dangerous – may be confusing ) </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Procedure For Historical Research <ul><li>Critique of evidences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>External critique: confirming if collected sources are genuine and reliable (authenticity of paintings, signatures, chemical analysis etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal critique: conducted after authenticity of source of information is confirmed – involves evaluation of collected evidences– is it important? Required? Able to explain the researched phenomenon? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prepare the report </li></ul>
  • 11. Ethnograph Research <ul><li>In depth study of natural behaviours in a culture or social group </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose – to understand relationships between behaviour and culture </li></ul><ul><li>Also refers to the research findings </li></ul><ul><li>In education – to understand schooling process </li></ul><ul><li>(eg. Immigrant children) </li></ul><ul><li>Involves widespread observations (participant & nonparticipant) </li></ul><ul><li>Starts research without hypothesis -- hypothesis is developed in the process of observations, and the researcher explores and test his hypothesis </li></ul>
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