Passive voice

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1. PASSIVE VOICE<br />BY<br /> DIANELLY BERLIN <br />& <br />SANDY UICAB <br /> 2. The passive is formed with the appropriate tense of…
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  • 1. PASSIVE VOICE<br />BY<br /> DIANELLY BERLIN <br />& <br />SANDY UICAB <br />
  • 2. The passive is formed with the appropriate tense of the verb to be + past participle:<br />Buildings arerestored<br />The subject of the verb in passive voice is the object of the verb in active voice:<br />Spanish  isspoken in Argentina<br /> (subject)<br />Argentiniansspeak Spanish<br />(object)<br />PASSIVE VOICE<br />ACTIVE VOICE<br />
  • 3.
  • 4. The passive is used...<br />When the person performing the action (agent) is unknown, unimportant or obvious from the context:<br />The thief has already been caught (by the police – obvious agent).<br />To emphasise the agent:<br />The maths lesson was taken by the English teacher.<br />When we are interestedmore in the action than the agent, such as in news reports, formal notices, instructions, processes, headlines, advertisements, etc:<br />“Crocodiles have been set free.”<br />To make statements more formal or polite:<br />The vase has been broken. (more polite than saying “you have broken the vase.”)<br />
  • 5. Open cloze exercises <br />
  • 6. Open cloze exercises <br /> You need to produce a word expressing a certain meaning in the given context. This word could be related to forms of collocation, or it should form a grammatically correct sentence, it should be spelled correctly and its level of formality should be chosen carefully.<br />
  • 7. Tips <br />Look at the text before and after the gap.<br />Make sure your handwriting is clear.<br />Don’t leave your answer sheet blank for any question.<br />If you don’t know the correct answer you should always make a guess.<br />Collect some short texts of your own and make a text by gapping grammatical words, e.g. prepositions, articles, pronouns, etc. <br />Practice with a friend and test each other.<br />
  • 8. References <br />Evans, V. FCE use of English for the revised Cambridge examination. Express publishing [on-line]. Taken from http://www.pdfqueen.com/pdf/fc/fce-use-of-english-1/10/<br />Flo-Joe (2010). FCE use of English: Part 2. [on-line]. Taken from http://www.flojoe.co.uk/fce/students/strategy/p3pt2a.htm <br />La mansión del Inglés. Vozpasiva. Taken from http://www.mansioningles.com/gram55.htm <br />Pino, J. & Heilman, M. A Selection Strategy to Improve Cloze Question Quality. Language Technologies Institute [on-line]. Taken from <br />http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~mheilman/papers/pino_cloze_its08.pdf<br />
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