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Stanton 1 Mayme Stanton Rebecca Goossens Senior Seminar 12 February 2018 Photography Photography is used to capture the memories people will never want to forget: From the greatest moments in history to the worst. The first picture to ever be taken was in 1826 by Joseph Nicephore Niepce (Archambault). It was not of anyth
  Stanton 1 Mayme Stanton Rebecca Goossens Senior Seminar 12 February 2018 Photography Photography is used to capture the memories people will never want to forget: From the greatest moments in history to the worst. The first picture to ever be taken was in 1826 by Joseph  Nicephore Niepce (Archambault). It was not of anything spectacular or monumental, but it was the foundation for photography today. During the Civil War, photography played a huge role in showing everyone in America what was happening in the war. Even in the past decade, the  power of digital technology and photography has made leaps and bounds, especially when it comes to smartphones. From Digital Single Lens Reflex and mirrorless cameras to compact cameras and smartphone cameras, it is important to compare the quality of a smartphone camera and a point-and-shoot camera and figure out what the best camera is to use.  Now, if a person were to tell someone ten years ago that they could have a high-quality camera in their phone that can rival even a Canon or a Nikon, they would have said that is crazy and that is impossible. Back in 2008, the Apple iPhone 3G and the Samsung Omnia were the top-selling smartphones according to CNet and the best point-and-shoot cameras were the Canon PowerShot G10 and the Panasonic Lumix LX3 according to zdnet. Even now, in 2018, Canon and Panasonic dominate the playing field of photography. So, the question still stands, what is  better: The smartphone camera or the point-and-shoot camera? Point-and-shoot cameras have many pros, such as the quality of a picture staying the same when zooming in on an image. “The ability to zoom in and out is one of the biggest  Stanton 2 differences between smartphone cameras and point-and-shoots. Point-and-shoot cameras use optical zoom, which is when the lens of the camera physically moves forward to zoom in without degrading the quality” (Lloyd). Often times, people who solely use their smartphone as their camera are limited to the quality in comparison using a point-and-shoot. Also, if one is looking for more options with their pictures, a smartphone will not have many to offer, unlike a DSLR. “Many point -and-shoot cameras let the person change the ISO, exposure, shutter speed, and aperture” (Lloyd). Also, say someone is taking a picture in the dark or in low lighting, perhaps at a wedding or party, a smartphone is not going to have the biggest sensor for capturing light. “Camera sensors are used to record the information that comes through the camera lens to produce an image, and the larger the sensor is, the more information that can be gathered, thus producing better quality images” (Lloyd). However, smartphones have  been evolving more every year with the latest and greatest in technology and software, which includes the cameras. The forefront competitors for smartphone cameras now are mainly Apple, Samsung, and Pixel. Before comparing them to a DSLR, they must be compared with each other. When tested at the Williamsburg Ferry, “the iPhone X and the Pixel 2 did the best in this scene. The iPhone  provided a true-to-life rendition of the scene, whereas the Pixel 2 photo looks somewhat artificial” (Rodgers). In the “backlit architecture” scene, once again “the Pixel 2 and the iPhone X captured nice colors and kept noise to a minimum in all but the most extre me areas” (Rodgers). In testing selfies, “the Pixel 2 blows everything else out of the water in terms of selfies. The iPhone X comes in a close second. The Note 8 has a real focusing mechanism, whereas most selfie cameras are fixed focus. It is subtle, but because the Note 8 can actually focus on my face,  Stanton 3 the background is ever so slightly blurred” (Rodgers). Overall, the best smartphone for  photography and video are the Pixel 2 and the iPhone X. Now, that the best smartphone camera has been determined, one needs to compare the performance of an iPhone X and a Canon M100. “It is safe to say that Portrait mode, the artificial blurry -background generator on modern smartphones, is not going anywhere. It is an incredibly handy feature to have, and for the vast majority of users, is easily good enough that they may rethink the need to purchase a so-called ‘real’ camera in the future” (Rose). With the recent release of Apple’s iPhone X or ten, the dual -lensed camera system has many people reconsidering their decisions with buying a DSLR camera. But, at the end of the day, it is still a smartphone, not a DSLR. It is not specifically made for photography purposes, although it is a very significant part of one. “We found through our informal exercise that the iPhone X’s built -in Portrait mode on its default camera app appears to roughly approximate the blur from shooting at 35mm F2.8 lens on an APS- C camera” (Rose).  In this study, there were three comparisons being used. The first was the iPhone in Portrait mode and the Canon EOS M100 w/ EF-S 35mm F2.8 at F2.8. The zoom was at 100% for the iPhone X, and the advantages of a bigger lens were clear. The second comparison was the iPhone X in Portrait mode with Contour Light and the Canon in the mode. The iPhone gave the “image a much more purposed look to the light” (Rose). The third comparison was using a third  party app called Focos for the iPhone X. Overall, there was an amazing picture from the iPhone X and the Canon , but, “we’re approaching a time of reckoning for trad itional camera manufacturers. Not only are computational cameras getting better, but they’re increasingly in  people’s pockets, at the ready whenever they’re needed” (Rose). A t the end of the day, it would seem that a DSLR is the better quality in comparison to a smartphone.  Stanton 4 When people are debating on whether to get something or not, the first thing they do is talk to their trusted inside a circle of friends. People and society constantly look to others for advice on what to purchase from phones to combs to cameras. When Riley Burns was interviewed about the long debate of smartphone or DSLR camera, the results were not all that shocking. Burn’s first phone that was a smartphone was an “iPhone 4. The quality of the camera  back then was pretty good and I enjo yed it a lot,”  but now, when compared to new phones from 2017, “it is atrocious”  (Burns). Burns currently has the “iPhone X or 10,”  which is the most recent Apple smartphone to hit the market (Burns). He also has for a DSLR, a “Canon R  ebel T6 .”  When asked which one he prefers to a take picture with he said, “The Canon for sure. It has the absolute advantage because I have three different lenses for it, the kit lenses that it comes with, then my macro lens, the 50mm, then my fisheye. Plus you look more professional if you show up to a photoshoot with a DSLR than an iPhone” (Burns). The pros of a point-and- shoot or a DSLR are that “it still is better quality than an iPhone,  even though it came a long way. I would say they are quite comparable, but still, the Canon  produces a better quality image, it gives you different perspectives with each lens you have” (Burns). However, the cons to having a D SLR are “that it is a lot bigger than an iPhone, and with my bag with all my lenses it gets to be work, but it is still worth the extra work for the better quality image you are getting” (Burns). At the end of the day, Burns, if given a choice between a smartphone or a DSLR camera, he would prefer a DSLR. “ If you are going to do professional work, then yeah, I would say they should get the DSLR but if you are just roaming around the school just taking pictures for the yearbook, say like me, I just use my phone camera because I am not carrying around my camera bag and camera all day long at school” (Burns). Overall, Burns stated that it all just depends on what people’s uses are and what kind of money they are
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