Katarak upt puskesmas bantarsari

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1. Katarak Muhammad Hasan Budi Santosa UPT Puskesmas Bantarsari 2. PENGERTIAN ã Katarak adalah lensa mata yang keruh atau berkabut. ã Lensa mata yang sehat biasanya…
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  • 1. Katarak Muhammad Hasan Budi Santosa UPT Puskesmas Bantarsari
  • 2. PENGERTIAN • Katarak adalah lensa mata yang keruh atau berkabut. • Lensa mata yang sehat biasanya jernih. Jika lensa mata keruh, jalannya sinar akan berkurang atau terhambat dan lensa tidak dapat difokuskan. • Katarak tidak menimbulkan nyeri maupun rasa tidak enak.
  • 3. Diagram of the Eye
  • 4. • Keadaan ini biasanya terjadi pada orang lanjut usia akibat pengerasan lensa yang tidak terhindarkan. • Penderita diabetes dapat mengalami katarak sekitar 10 tahun lebih awal dari bukan penderita diabetes. • Katarak dapat juga terjadi pada bayi baru lahir atau pada remaja.
  • 5. PENYEBAB • Usia lanjut • Diabetes • Penyakit mata • Cedera pada lensa mata • Katarak kongenital/bawaan • Paparan berlebihan dengan sinar ultra violet
  • 6. GEJALA-GEJALA • Pandangan kabur, berkabut, berasap, penglihatan seperti tertutup film • Silau terhadap cahaya • Penglihatan dekat • Penglihatan ganda • Gangguan dalam menginterpretasikan warna • Daya penglihatan berkurang jika tidak diatasi menyebabkan kebutaan • Sering minta ganti kacamata
  • 7. What Are the Symptoms of Cataracts? If you have a cataract, you may be experiencing any of these symptoms: Painless blurring or dimming of your vision Sensitivity to light and glare, especially in bright sunlight or while driving at night
  • 8. What Are the Symptoms of Cataracts? (cont’d) Increased nearsightedness, requiring frequent changes in your eyeglass prescription Distortion or ghost images in either eye
  • 9. KOMPLIKASI • Katarak yang terjadi sejak lahir akan menghambat perkembangan penglihatan, kecuali bila diatasi dalam beberapa bulan.
  • 10. Tindakan dokter anda • Penglihatan dekat dapat ditolong dengan kacamata • Jika lensa mengeras, lensa yang keruh hanya dapat diatasi dengan operasi
  • 11. PENCEGAHAN • Menjaga diet agar kadar gula darah selalu normal jika anda penderita diabetes • Makan makanan yang dapat melindungi kelainan degeneratif pada mata, anti- oksidan seperti vitamin C, zink, dan selenium, serta tumbuh-tumbuhan yang kaya akan bioflavonoid.
  • 12. Kebahagiaan anda tumbuh berkembang manakala anda membantu orang lain. Namun, bilamana anda tidak mencoba membantu sesama, kebahagiaan akan layu dan mengering. Kebahagiaan bagaikan sebuah tanaman, harus disirami setiap hari dengan sikap dan tindakan memberi. (J.Donald Walters) ‫أنفعهم‬ ‫الناس‬ ‫خير‬ ‫للناس‬
  • 13. Penyakit yang sering dijumpai pada mata selain katarak
  • 14. Conjuctivitis • Red eye (hyperaemia), irritation (chemosis) and watering (epiphora) of the eyes are symptoms common to all forms of conjunctivitis. However, the pupils should be normally reactive and the visual acuity normal.
  • 15. Pterygium A pterygium (Greek word for "winged growth") is a fibrovascular proliferation of the nasal (or, more rarely, temporal) bulbar conjunctiva that grows toward the cornea and eventually over its surface. It results from heavy exposure to sunlight and wind.
  • 16. PINGUECULAE • A pingueculum is a yellowish or whitish patch or bump on the white of the eye, most often on the side closest to the nose. It is not a tumor but an alteration of normal tissue resulting from the deposit of protein and fat from the tears. Unlike a pterygium, a pingueculum does not actually grow onto the cornea. A pingueculum may also be a protective response by the eye to chronic eye irritation and sunlight.
  • 17. Keratitis
  • 18. • Keratitis is a condition in which the eye's cornea, the front part of the eye, becomes inflamed. The condition is often marked by moderate to intense pain and usually involves impaired eyesight.
  • 19. Hordeolum • A stye (Lat. hordeolum = barleycorn) is a red, tender, painful, or itchy red bump, resembling a pimple, occurring on the eyelash. It represents an infection (usually by bacterium Staphylococcus aureus) of an oil gland attached to the hair follicle.
  • 20. Chalazion • A chalazion (Gk. chalazion = small lump) appears as a red, non-tender lump on the eyelid. It represents a non- infectious inflammation of the eyelid soft tissue, due to fats squeezed from the obstructed meibomian (oil) glands.
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