In The Footsteps of Rurik. A guide to the Viking History of Northwest Russia. By Dan Carlsson and Adrian Selin


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In The Footsteps of Rurik. A guide to the Viking History of Northwest Russia. By Dan Carlsson and Adrian Selin
  In The Footsteps of Rurik By Dan Carlsson and Adrian SelinA guide to the Viking History of Northwest Russia Published by Northern Dimension Partnership on CultureFinanced by EU  In the footsteps of Rurik A guide to the Viking History of Northwest Russia By Dan Carlsson and Adrian Selin  Financed by EU 3  4 AUTHORSDan Carlsson, Adrian SelinLAYOUT AND FORMDan CarlssonILLUSTRATIONS AND PHOTOSDan Carlsson, if not otherwise statedCOVER PHOTO AND LAYOUTPhoto Natalia EunisovaLayout Roland HejdströmPUBLISHER Books on Demand GmbH, Stockholm,SwedenPRINTEDBooks on Demand GmbH, Norderstedt,Germany PROJECT IMPLEMENTEDby HTSPE and EuroTrends under contract2011/260-699 © 2012 NDCP and the authorsISBN: 978-91-74633-97-9  Preface Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture The Northern Dimension (ND) is a common policy of the EU, Russia,Norway and Iceland, with Belarus also playing an increasinglyimportant role in the cooperation. ND was first initiated in 1999, andit gained new momentum after the adoption of a revised ND ActionPlan in 2006. ND is based on the principle of equal partnershipamong the partners.The cooperation takes place in the form of meetings of seniorrepresentatives from the participating countries as well as in the fourpartnerships: The ND Environmental Partnership (NDEP), the NDPartnership for Public Health and Social Well-being (NDPHS), theND Partnership for Transport and Logistics (NDPTL) and the NDPartnership for Culture (NDPC).The NDPC is one of the newer partnerships. Its preparationstarted in 2008. In May 2010 a Memorandum of Understanding wassigned between the participating countries and an NDPC ActionPlan was submitted to the ND Ministerial Meeting in November2010. The Partnership became operational in January 2011, and it hasa small secretariat hosted by the Nordic Council of Ministers inCopenhagen. The NDPC also has a Steering Committee, which iscomposed of representatives of the participating countries and whichmeets regularly. For more information on the NDPC and its  5  The mission The NDPC Steering Committee has identified Viking heritage as atopic of common interest for the participating countries. While theViking Route is an important European cultural route, it has beenlargely dormant. The Route offers potential for the development ofcultural tourism across the borders in the Northern Dimension area,and is therefore of interest for the NDPC.The background to this initiative is that Viking heritage has longbeen of common interest in Western Europe, as well as in Canada, asa resource for cultural tourism, with places like The Viking ShipMuseum in Oslo, The Hedeby museum in Germany and the shipmuseum in Roskilde, Denmark, as well-known examples. Many ofthe sites are on the world Heritage list, like L’Ans aux Meadows atNewfoundland, Canada, the Viking town Birka in Sweden, theViking Ship Museum in Oslo, Norway, as well as the famous stavechurches in Norway.While many of the Viking settlements in Northern Europealready exist as heritage sites, less is known about the Viking Routeheritage sites located in Russia and the information available onthem is largely available in the Russian language. The NDPCSteering Committee therefore decided that a study on the Vikingheritage sites in Russia was needed, to have a survey of the sites andinformation on their state and development needs. Eventually theheritage sites located in Russia could be connected with those locatedin other countries to complete the Viking Route.Besides being well taken care of, many sites are direct focalpoints for tourism, and part of international visits, not at least theship museums in Denmark and Norway, visited by huge number oftourists from all over the world. It has to be concluded that thetourist side of the Viking heritage is to a very high degree a WesternEuropean phenomenon. It can clearly be seen as a biased picture, 6
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