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Victoria Wheeland POLS 1113- SEC LECNT 3 Final Paper December 8, 2015 When it came to writing the Fourteenth Amendment not only did they grant citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” but also they made it to where states could not deny anyone the “life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.” They wanted to make it clear that everyone had equal rights, including the former slaves. Incorporation is the term used to explain how they tied th
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   Victoria Wheeland POLS 1113- SEC LECNT 3 Final Paper December 8, 2015 When it came to writing the Fourteenth Amendment not only did they grant citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” but also they made it to where states co uld not deny anyone the “life, liberty, or property, without due process of law.” They wanted to make it clear that everyone had equal rights, including the former slaves. Incorporation is the term used to explain how they tied the Bill of Rights and the Fourteenth Amendment. The Supreme Court did a good job at tying in the Bill of Rights into the Fourteenth Amendment. The books definition of incorporation, in constitutional law, is the application of almost all of the Bill of Rights to the states and all of their subdivisions through the Fourteenth Amendment, which in layman’s terms means that they made the Fourteenth Amendment sound as much like the Bill of Rights as possible to insure that the people they were granting rights to got the same rights as everyone. The beginning of the Bill of Rights starts with “ Congress   shall make no…”  making sure they know what Congress can and cannot do. Then there is the Fourteenth Amendment; it starts with “No state   shall...” also showing what they can and cannot do. However it did take a long line of decisions that incorporated them together. 1   111   “Politics and Personal Liberty.” Politics in America 2012 Election Edition, Books a La Carte Edition.  N.p.: Pearson College Div., 2012. P. 601. Print   For the Fourteenth Amendment to have become and amendment it took a long process. On June 8 , 1866 the Senate passed it by a vote of 33 to 11. On June 13, 1866 the amendment passed in The House of Representatives 120 to 32. On June 22, 1866 President Andrew Johnson sent a message to Congress announcing the Fourteenth Amendment was sent out to the states to be ratified. He showed his displeasure with the amendment by stating tha t his actions should “be considered as purely material, and in no sense whatever committing the Executive to an approval or recommendation of the amendment to the State legislatures or to the people.” On July 28, 1868 the Secretary of State William Seward issued a proclamation certifying the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment by the states. 2   The Fourteenth Amendment is actually called the “Second Bill of Rights” for the plain and simple fact that it is granting the rights to everyone as apposed to just the people the Bill of Rights was srcinally granting rights to. Between the Incorporation Doctrine and the Due Process Clause they tried to cover all of their bases to make it equal and fair for every natural born citizen and every citizen in general. In conclusion the House, Senate, and the President wanted to make everything equal for every person in the United States. However it did take a long time for things to actually be fair and equal it was still one of the biggest steps to making it so. 2   “Primary Documents in American History.” 14 th  Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2015   
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