forests 20181


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Alaskan Brown Bear Ursus arctos General Species Information Size ~3.35 ft to shoulder3 Habitat Forests, tundra, meadows and coastlines1,2, 4 4-8ft long2, 3 Weight Males: Avg 850 lbs2 Distribution Alaskan Brown Bears are found in the coastal regions of Females: Avg 450 lbs2 Alaska. Brown bears as a whole can be found through
    Alaskan Brown Bear Ursus arctos   General Species Information Size ~3.35 ft to shoulder 3 4-8ft long 2, 3   Habitat Forests, tundra, meadows and coastlines 1,2, 4 Weight Males: Avg 850 lbs 2 Females: Avg 450 lbs 2 Distribution Alaskan Brown Bears are found in the coastal regions of Alaska. Brown bears as a whole can be found through North America, Europe, and Asia. 1, 2 Lifespan Wild: 20-30 yrs 1,2  AZA Avg: 22-27 yrs, but can live much longer. 5 Wild Diet Generally grasses in the spring, berries in the summer and fish in the fall. Meat is not a large part of diet, but they will catch and eat small (mice) to large (moose) mammals 1,2 . Reproduction An average of 2-3 cubs per litter 2  are born after 6.5-9.5 month gestation (delayed implantation) 2 . Young are born blind and naked at 0.5-1.5 lbs during the winter. They remain with mom for an average of 2.5 years 1,2 .   Zoo Diet Main diet  : Fruits, vegetables, dog chow, hi-fiber sticks, herring   Enrichment  : sunflower seeds, peanuts, popcorn, pasta, jello, peanut butter, honey, molasses, oatmeal, ice treats, chicken broth, goat’s milk powder, fruit juice, canned pumpkin, applesauce, femur bones, rats/mice, browse   Social Generally solitary, although home ranges overlap. Occasionally gather in large numbers at food sources. 2 Conservation Status Least Concern. 2,3,4  30,000 Brown Bears in Alaska. 2,4  Hunting and conflict with humans are major threats. 2,3,4   IZ Specific Information   Photo by Jill Burbank   Kiak February 2008 Female Dark around eyes but this can be hard to see seasonally as their fur color changes.   Kiak was orphaned in her first year when officials were forced to kill her mother after she attacked a jogger in a local park. She was held at a zoo in Alaska then flown here by FedEx.   Weight Range: 550-800 lbs   Photo by Jackie Curts  Mi-Kal January 2010 Male Larger head, snout, and body than Kiak.   Mi-Kal was found wandering alone in his first year and people stepped in to keep him alive.   Weight Range: 750-1100 lbs   Resources 1 Brown Bears, Brown Bear Pictures, Brown Bear Facts - National Geographic. (n.d.). Retrieved January 4, 2018, from 2 Ursus arctos (brown bear). (n.d.). Retrieved January 4, 2018, from  3 Brown Bear. (n.d.). Retrieved January 4, 2018, from  4 McLellan, B., Servheen, C., & Huber, D. (2008). Ursus arctos. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved December 2, 2016, from  5 AZA Survival Statistic Library. Retrieved from  on December 20, 2017. 6 Littig, Tim. Personal communication on February 11, 2018. Email. (Approval)    Amur Tiger (Siberian Tiger)   Panthera tigris altaica   General Species Information Size Up to 10 feet  1,4,5   Habitat Boreal and temperate mixed (deciduous and coniferous) forests as well as birch forests 1,4,5 Weight Males: 350-420 lbs 5  Females:250-285 lbs 5 Potential of up to 660 lbs. 1 Distribution Far eastern Russia (including the Amur River Valley) and small pockets along Chinese and North Korean borders 1,2,4 . Lifespan Wild: Record is 14 yrs 5  Captive: Avg. 15 yrs (AZA) Potential to live as long as 25 yrs 2,5 Wild Diet Wild pig and deer make up most of diet but they are opportunistic hunters 1,2,5 . Reproduction After a 3-3.5 month gestation, 1-6 young are born. 1,2,5  They start hunting around 18 months old, and stay with mom for 2-3 years 1,2 .   Zoo Diet Primarily ground beef with nutritional supplements added. Beef tenderloin, goat’s milk, chicken broth, beef liver, and whipped cream are given as enrichment. 7 Social Solitary and territorial. Male home ranges will overlap several female ranges. 5 Conservation Status Endangered with between 480 and 580 individuals left in the wild. 1,4 Major threats include poaching, encroachment of human activity on tiger territory, and retaliatory killings. 3 IZ Specific Information 7 Photo by Emily Wilson  Zoya July 10, 2014 Female Born at the Indianapolis Zoo to Andrea and Petya. Weight: 204 lbs   Photo by Jill Burbank   Max June 24, 2012 Male Born at the Peoria Zoo and arrived at IZ in 2015. Quotation marks over right eye. Weight: 348 lbs. 7 Photo by Carla Knapp  Metis (Pronounced like Midas) March 16, 2016 Male Born at Columbus Zoo and arrived at IZ in 2018. Weight: 310 lbs.   Resources 1 Siberian Tigers, Siberian Tiger Pictures, Siberian Tiger Facts - National Geographic. (n.d.). Retrieved December 25, 2015, from 2 Dacres, K. 2007. Panthera tigris (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed January 04, 2018 at 3   Miquelle, D., Darman, Y. & Seryodkin, I. 2011. Panthera tigris ssp. altaica . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T15956A5333650. Downloaded on 04 January 2018 . 4 Amur Tiger. (n.d.). Retrieved January 4, 2018, from .  5 Amur Tiger. (n.d.). Retrieved December 8, 2017, from 6 AZA Survival Statistic Library. Retrieved from  on January 4, 2018. 7 Littig, Tim. Personal communication on February 11, 2018. Email. (Approval)    Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus   General Species Information Size Body Length: 34 to 43 in. Wingspan: 6 to 8 ft. 2,4 Females larger than males. 4 Habitat Near bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, and oceans 2 Weight 6.5-14 lbs. 2,4 Distribution North America 1 Lifespan Wild Avg: 15-25 yrs. 3,4 AZA Avg: 17 yrs. 7 Wild Diet Hunt, steal, or scavenge fish, carrion, small mammals, birds, reptiles 2,3,4 Reproduction Monogamous. Pair spends up to 3 months constructing a large nest, laying 1 to 3 eggs. Reach sexual maturity and grow in mature feathers at 5 yrs old. 2,3 Zoo Diet Fish (Herring, Trout, Capelin); Rodents (Mice); Rabbit  5 Social Generally solitary, but may be found with other birds while roosting or around an ample food source. 3 Conservation Status Least Concern. 1 Past threats include accidental poisoning from DDT and hunting. This species was delisted from the Endangered Species List in 2007 thanks to conservation efforts. 2 IZ Specific Information   Hatched at the George Miksch Sutton Avian Research Center in Bartlesville, OK, she was first released in Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge in Oklahoma in 1985. Later seen and recaptured near her release site with one leg hanging down (found to have been broken and set). She was rereleased after healing only to be found several weeks later, uninjured but weak and hungry. She was then cared for by a rehabber who reportedly hand fed her, making her next release unsuccessful and was found going to humans for food. After this final recapture she was deemed non-releasable due to imprinting on humans. She was acquired by the Minnesota Zoo in 1993, serving as a program/education bird. Due to arthritis, she had become uncomfortable with the daily handling associated with being a program bird required and MN Zoo wanted to find a situation for her where she could move around as she wishes. So she moved to the Indianapolis Zoo in 2015 where being out on exhibit is an exciting new experience for her. 6   Photo by Fred Cate  Tempest January 9, 1985 Female Resources 1 BirdLife International. 2016. Haliaeetus leucocephalus . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22695144A93492523. Downloaded on 04   January 2018 . 2 Bald Eagle. National Geographic. Retrieved from on January 4, 2018. 3   Siciliano Martina, L. 2013. Haliaeetus leucocephalus (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed January 04, 2018 at 4 5 Keen, Meagan. Personal communication on March 1, 2018. Email. 6 Green, Holly. Personal communication on February 10, 2016. 7 AZA Survival Statistic Library. Retrieved from  on January 4, 2018.    Red Panda  Ailurus fulgens fulgens   General Species Information Size Head and Body: 20-26 in 1,2 Tail: 12-20 in 1,2   Habitat Temperate forests with bamboo understory 2,3 Weight 10-14 lbs 1,2,5 Distribution Nepal (Himalayas), Myanmar, China, India, and Bhutan 1,2,3 Lifespan Wild: 8-10 yrs 1,2 AZA Avg: 10.4 yrs Wild Diet Bamboo shoots and leaves, fruits, grasses, acorns, eggs and insects 1,2,3 Reproduction Females build nests with sticks, grasses and leaves in a hollow tree or rock crevice. After a gestation of 4.5 months, 1-4 offspring are born and stay in nest for 90 days. 1,2,3 Zoo Diet Primarily leafeater mini and cherries with a variety of other fruits including grapes, apples, pears, blueberries, and occasionally fig. Sampson’s favorite foods are banana and sweet potato. 5 Social Generally solitary with overlapping territories. 4 Conservation Status Endangered due to habitat loss and degradation attributed to human encroachment as well as poaching, disease, and the pet trade. 3 IZ Specific Information 5 Photo by Sara Sloan Sampson July 11, 2014 Male Darker tear lines down his face. Arrived at IZ in 2015. Currently housed behind the scenes. Photo by Fred Cate Nyima June 16, 2004 Female Born at Potawatomi Zoo and arrived at IZ in 2005. Nyima has been on exhibit.  Resources 1 Red Pandas, Red Panda Pictures, Red Panda Facts - National Geographic. (n.d.). Retrieved December 7, 2017, from 2 Ailurus fulgens (red panda). (n.d.). Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved December 20, 2017, from 3 Wang, X., et al. Ailurus fulgens. (2008). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved December 7, 2017, from 4 Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens). Wildscreen Arkive. Retrieved December 20, 2017. 5 Littig, Tim. Personal communication on January 28, 2018. Email. (Approval) 6 AZA Survival Statistic Library. Retrieved from  on January 4, 2018.
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