Far away from Byzantium: pronunciation and orthography of Greek in the 17th century Estonia

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Far away from Byzantium: pronunciation and orthography of Greek in the 17th century Estonia
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  Päis 3 Morgensterni Seltsi toimetised IIActa Societatis Morgensternianae II Byzantino-Nordica 2004 Papers presentedat the international symposium of Byzantine studiesheld on 7–11 May 2004 in Tartu, EstoniaEdited by Ivo Volt and Janika Päll    Päis 4 The publication of this volume was supported by the Estonian ScienceFoundation (grant 5802) and the Cultural Endowment of EstoniaISSN 1736–1230ISBN 9949–11–266–4Copyright Morgenstern Society and the authors, 2005Morgenstern Society,Chair of Classical Philology, University of Tartu,Ülikooli 17, 51014 Tartu, EstoniaE-mail: strukt.kf@lists.ut.eeHome page: http://www.ut.ee/klassik/ms/Tartu University Presswww.tyk.ee  CONTENTS Editors’ preface and acknowledgements........................................................ 7A NNE L ILL Byzantium and the Nordic countries. Preliminary remarks ...................... 9M IKHAIL B IBIKOV Byzantine sources for the history of Balticum and Scandinavia................ 12 J AN O LOF R OSENQVIST Byzantine Trebizond: a provincial literary landscape................................. 29M ARKUS B OGISCH Qalat Seman and Resafa/Sergiupolis: two early Byzantine pilgrimagecentres in Northern Syria.......................................................................... 52T ORSTEIN T HEODOR T OLLEFSEN St. Maximus the Confessor, philosopher or theologian?............................. 73K ARSTEN F LEDELIUS Church and state — in Byzantium and beyond........................................... 80  Contents 6  J ANIKA P ÄLL Far away from Byzantium: pronunciation and orthographyof Greek in the 17th century Estonia....................................................... 86A NNE L ILL University of Tartu and Byzantine studies (the end of the 19th andthe beginning of the 20th century)........................................................... 120L  JUDMILA D UBJEVA V. È. Regel — Professor der allgemeinen Geschichte der Jurjewer(Tartuer) Universität in den Jahren 1913–1918...................................... 136K ALLE K ASEMAA Vom Übersetzen der patristischen Texte ins Estnische............................... 158K AARINA R EIN Modern Greek at the University of Tartu...................................................... 163  FAR AWAY FROM BYZANTIUM:PRONUNCIATION ANDORTHOGRAPHY OF GREEKIN THE 17th CENTURY ESTONIA  Janika Päll I. Introduction 1 A dispute about the ‘right’ pronunciation of Greek was one of the issues inteaching Greek from the 16th century onwards. Until today two schools ofpronunciation are prevalent: the so-called traditional (also ‘Byzantine’ or‘Reuchlinian’), which applies the pronunciation of contemporary Greek lan-guage to the ancient Greek without any distinctions; and the reconstructed   1  The author offers genuine thanks to: Tomas Veteikis and Mindaugas Strockis(Vilnius University), Tua Korhonen (Helsinki University), Enn Küng, Kristi Viiding andKaarina Rein (Tartu University), Ljudmila Dubjeva (Tartu University Library); KatreKaju and Kai Tafenau (Estonian Historical Archives), Olavi Pesti (Saaremaa Museum),Tiina Kala and Indrek Hinrikus (Tallinn City Archives). For Tartu printings the basis ofthe present research has been the collection of copies (and srcinals) of Tartu  AcademiaGustaviana (AG) and  Academia Gustavo-Carolina  (AGC) printings, created by the Depart-ment of Manuscripts and Rare Books of Tartu University Library (for the poems see alsoOrion & Viiding); the references to these printings are given by bibliography numbers(as referred to in Jaanson 2000; those discussed at length are given with full reference in bibliography, section I B). The article has been written with a support of two researchgrants from the Estonian Science Foundation, No. 5802 (grant holder Prof. Anne Lill) andNo. 5846 (grant holder Dr. Kristi Viiding).
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