Doing Online Relearning through Information Skills (DORIS): Using Social Media in Higher Education


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1. Learning 2.0, August 21, 2012By Juan D. Machin-Mastromatteo @judamasmas 2. Core Theories Constructivist learning (Piaget/Dewey) Critical constructivism…
  • 1. Learning 2.0, August 21, 2012By Juan D. Machin-Mastromatteo @judamasmas
  • 2. Core Theories Constructivist learning (Piaget/Dewey) Critical constructivism (Kincheloe, 2005, 2008) Role of social interaction in the development of cognition (Vygotsky, 1978; Ackerman, 1996; Mayer, 2004) Dimensions of learning: cognitive, social, emotional (Illeris, 2003) Information skills: access, use, evaluation (Lau, 2006) Affinity Spaces (Gee, 2009) Participatory Action Research in Education (Freire, Fals-Borda, Whitehead &McNiff, McIntyre, Herr & Anderson)
  • 3. Brief Epistemological Assumptions The concepts of learning and knowledge are closely connected Knowledge is created through socialization (Vygotsky, 1978; Nonaka& Takeuchi, 1995) and can be discovered (Whitehead &McNiff, 2006) as people possess tacit knowledge within (Polanyi, 1958). Teachers are capable of generating personal theories by systematically studying their practice (Whitehead, 1989)
  • 4. What significant issues, challenges and opportunities emerge when social media are integrated into learning environments in higher education?a) How do students’ experience learning when they are engaged in a learning activity that integrates social media?b) In what ways is students’ engagement dependent upon their literacies?c) In what way do learning, literacy and social media mutually shape each other?
  • 5. Machin-Mastromatteo (2010,2011,2012), built upon Bawden& Robinson(2009) Trust Loss of identity Emerging issues Machin-Mastromatteo (2012) Crowdsourcing Decision making  Balance of Quality control identities/voices/roles Users’ satisfaction  Fast changing features Information overload  Need for marketing SN Permanence tools Repackaging  Users’ underestimation Privacy Negative consequences
  • 6.  Information Literacyas in Zurkowski (1974), Virkus (2003),Tuominen, et al.(2005), Lau (2006)… Digital Literacy (computer, ICT…)asin Shapiro and Hughes (1996), Eshet-Alkalai (2004) New Literaciesas in Lankshear and Knobel (2007)Literacies New Literacies
  • 7. Participatory Action Research Self and collective reflection on the subject of study Researcher is part of and makes interventions on research Cyclical process of exploration, knowledge construction and action through questioning, reflecting, investigating, developing plan implementing, refining, questioning… (McIntyre, 2008) PAR is a philosophy of life as much as a method, a sentiment as much as a conviction (Fals-Borda, 1997) PAR leads researchers into unfamiliar pathways… think in new ways… generating provocative new ideas. (Whyte, Greenwood, & Lazes, 1989)
  • 8.  LIS Master Divided in groups Pilot Study (2011), Final Study (2012)
  • 9. Collection of Data Diagnostic Questionnaire Blog Social Learners’ Input  Class Discussions  Blog  Social Media Sites  Social Learners’ Reports 2nd Questionnaire Interview
  • 10. 1 Introduction Diagnostic Questionnaire / Action Research / Methods / Literacies / SM 2 Access 3 Use 4 Evaluation Issues of SM User practices SM in organizations SM Content curation Information needs inlibraries Creation of SM sites Location / Selection Evaluation of SM Tool integration Accessibility issues 5 Wrap up 2nd Questionnaire / Interviews Assignments:  Individual reflection on own use of SM (2)  Create social site for an information service (3) Evaluate an established social site (4), revisit (3)
  • 11. Thank you!!
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