Do-It-yourself Solar Water Heating in Hungary

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A thesis submitted to the Department of Environmental Sciences and Policy of Central European University in part fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Science Do-it-yourself solar water heating in Hungary: Prospects and barriers and comparison with the Austrian experience Robert LANZ July, 2005 Budapest i Notes on copyright and the ownership of intellectual property rights: (1) Copyright in text of this thesis rests with the Author. Copies (by any process) either in full, or of extracts, m
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A thesis submitted to the Department of Environmental Sciences and Policy of Central European University in part fulfilment of the Degree of Master of Science Do-it-yourself solar water heating in Hungary: Prospects and barriers and comparison with the Austrian experience Robert LANZ July, 2005 Budapest iNotes on copyright and the ownership of intellectual property rights: (1) Copyright in text of this thesis rests with the Author. Copies (by any process) either in full, or of extracts, may be made only in accordance with instructions given by the Author and lodged in the Central European University Library. Details may be obtained from the Librarian. This page must form part of any such copies made. Further copies (by any process) of copies made in accordance with such instructions may not be made without the permission (in writing) of the Author. (2) The ownership of any intellectual property rights which may be described in this thesis is vested in the Central European University, subject to any prior agreement to the contrary, and may not be made available for use by third parties without the written permission of the University, which will prescribe the terms and conditions of any such agreement. (3) For bibliographic and reference purposes this thesis should be referred to as: Lanz, R. 2005. Do-it-yourself solar water heating in Hungary: Prospects and barriers and comparison with the Austrian experience. Master of Science thesis, Department of Environmental Sciences and Policy, Central European University, Budapest. Further information on the conditions under which disclosures and exploitation may take place is available from the Head of the Department of Environmental Sciences and Policy, Central European University. iiAuthor\u2019s declaration No portion of the work referred to in this thesis has been submitted in support of an application for another degree or qualification of this or any other university or other institute of learning. Robert LANZ iiiTable of Contents 2. INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................................1 1.1 AIMS OF THE THESIS.............................................................................................................................2 1.2 CONTENTS OF THE THESIS......................................................................................................................2 1LITERATURE REVIEW......................................................................................................................4 2.1. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY SUPPLY AND RURAL ELECTRIFICATION...................................................................4 2.2 ENERGY POLICY AND THE RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET.............................................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 2.2 QUESTIONING GROWTH................................................................................................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 2.4CITIZEN-INNOVATOR: USER-END PARTICIPATION..........................................................................................7 2.5DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION......................................................................................................................7 2.6SOLAR THERMAL COLLECTORS.................................................................................................................9 2.7 THE AUSTRIAN DIY SOLAR THERMAL MOVEMENT: ORIGIN AND SPREAD.................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 2.8 THE HUNGARIAN SCENE.....................................................................................................................13 2.8.1 Solar potential in Hungary...................................................................................................13 .................................................................................................................................................................14 2.8.2 Energy issues in Hungary.....................................................................................................14 2.8.3 The Hungarian experience with DIY....................................................................................14 2.6 REASONS FOR SUCCESS................................................................................................................... .15 2.7POLICY SUPPORT FOR DIY IN AUSTRIA..................................................................................................16 2.8SUMMARY..........................................................................................................................................17 3. METHODOLOGY.............................................................................................................................19 3.1 DATA COLLECTION METHODS................................................................................................................20 3.2 DATA ANALYSIS METHODS...................................................................................................................21 3.3 ACCESS AND POWER..........................................................................................................................21 3.4 MOBILITY AND TECHNOLOGY..............................................................................................................22 4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK...................................................................................................23 4.1 INNOVATION.................................................................................................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 4.2 COMMUNICATION CHANNELS...............................................................................................................24 4.3 TIME................................................................................................................................................25 4.5 SOCIAL SYSTEM................................................................................................................................26 5. FINDINGS..........................................................................................................................................27 5.1 THE AUSTRIAN SCENE........................................................................................................................27 5.2 THE SPREAD BEYOND THE BORDERS......................................................................................................29 5.3 DIYIN HUNGARY: SELF-BUILD WORKSHOPS........................................................................................30 5.3.1 DIY in Hungary: Turkeve......................................................................................................30 5.3.2 DIY in Hungary: Esztergom..................................................................................................31 5.4 DIYIN HUNGARY: WORKSHOP PARTICIPANTS........................................................................................33 5.5 HUNGARIAN SELF-BUILD PROJECTS BY INDIVIDUALS.................................................................................35 5.6 HUNGARIAN SOLAR THERMAL MARKET..................................................................................................36 5.7 HUNGARIAN POLICY SUPPORT AND GAS PRICES........................................................................................38 5.8. THE PAYBACK PERIOD FOR DIY SOLAR HEATERS....................................................................................38 5.9 COMPARISON OF PAYBACK PERIODS AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE.....................................................................41 6. DISCUSSION, ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS..........................................................43 6.1 THEORETICAL ANALYSIS.....................................................................................................................43 6.2 DISCUSSION......................................................................................................................................46 6.3 RECOMMENDATIONS: OBSTACLES AND HOW TO OVERCOME THEM...............................................................48 7.1 SUMMARY......................................................................................................................................54 REFERENCE LIST...............................................................................................................................56 PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS....................................................................................................61 iv
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