Anti Corruption By Talha Lodhi


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1. ANTI-CORRUPTION POLICIES 2. SEQUENCE <ul><li>CORRUPTION </li></ul><ul><li>CPIB </li></ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE…
  • 2. SEQUENCE <ul><li>CORRUPTION </li></ul><ul><li>CPIB </li></ul><ul><li>PREVENTIVE MEASURES AGAINST CORRUPTION </li></ul><ul><li>PUNISHMENT BY LAW </li></ul><ul><li>ACHIEVEMENT </li></ul>
  • 3. CORRUPTION <ul><ul><li>“ Gin-muorg&quot; - nation eating, Thai term for corruption. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defined by UNDP as </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot; Use of public office or position for private work or gain “. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption; a menace plaguing the developing world in particular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destroys the social fabric of a nation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates injustice, and unrest among the masses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminates the concept of meritocracy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption exists only because the people want it to exist. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cont’d…. </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. <ul><ul><li>At Independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption, A rule of the day. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAP introduced the concept of “macho-meritocracy” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To curb corrupt practices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Applicable on both public, civil and political sector. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Today, Corruption is regarded as a &quot; high risk, low award&quot; activity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Root cause of corruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greed of money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need of money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political muscling </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 5. CPIB <ul><li>Theme - making corruption socially unacceptable. </li></ul><ul><li>A legally autonomous body for prevention of corrupt practices. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports directly to PM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In a case of clash of interest, such as investigating the PM, the overseeing authority shifts to President. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not require an authorization from PM to open an investigation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Investigates all type of cases related to corruption and financial embezzlement. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However issue such as Insider trading do not come under its domain. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internal monitoring system prevalent in CPIB. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instance of CPIB staff being investigated and convicted present. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cont’d…. </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Blind-eyed investigation; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No discrimination owing to political or social pressure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sitting ministers have been investigated too. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Average complaints received 1000 </li></ul><ul><li>Average Investigations launched 300 </li></ul><ul><li>Cases registered 150 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost one-quarter of the cases are from public sector. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Majority of the instances of corruption, out of greed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearly 95% conviction rate. </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. PREVENTIVE MEASURES AGAINST CORRUPTION <ul><li>Punishment for the greedy. </li></ul><ul><li>Added incentives for the needy. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To refrain them from going out of the way to resolve their needs . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eradication of economic disparity and social justice. </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate salary for government officials. </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient administrative processing system. </li></ul><ul><li>Cont’d… </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>Police and civil servants not allowed to be under debt of more than three times their monthly salary. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater loan may lead to financial woes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leading to corrupt practices. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tri-yearly declaration of assets. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Educating children of corruption as a moral evil. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part of the school curriculum. </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. PUNISHMENT BY LAW <ul><li>No mercy for corrupt. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Punishable by 5-7 years imprisonment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Return of money taken through unfair means. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fine of up to 100 k SD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate dismissal from service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bar on holding any public office, or position requiring dealing with the public. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Special anti-corruption laws integrated in the constitution. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Law allows for trial and conviction of a Singaporean, involved in corrupt practices anywhere in the world, in Singapore. </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. ACHIEVEMENT <ul><li>Among the top three least corrupt countries of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore proudly boosts that an investor can invest in any sector without paying any bribe. </li></ul>
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