2015 2016AP Chemistry Summer Assignment

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   AP Chemistry Summer Assignment   Future Summer Creek AP Chemistry Student, Welcome to AP Chemistry! I am eagerly anticipating a great year of Chemistry. In order to ensure the best start for everyone next fall, I have prepared a Summer Assignment that reviews basic chemistry concepts along with some AP chemistry topics that could require some summer research. There is a multitude of tremendous chemistry resources available via the Internet. I am confident that you will have sufficient resources to prepare adequately for the fall semester. I highly recommend purchasing the following books BEFORE the first day of class: 1. 5 Steps to a 5 AP Chemistry, 2015 Edition by John Moore and Richard Langley (it can be found on Amazon or ordered from Barnes and Noble). 2. You will also need to purchase a 100 page laboratory notebook with carbonless duplicate sets. I suggest the Hayden McNeil student lab notebook with permanent  binding (this can also be found on amazon). You may contact me by email: ( summer.bland@humble.k12.tx.us  or smbzgb@gmail.com) this summer. I will do my best to answer your questions ASAP. AP Chemistry is an equivalent course to Introductory Chemistry in college. Taking a college level course in high school is difficult, requires dedication, and is a great investment in your education to prepare yourself for the future. Arrive ready to learn! You could earn an entire year of college credit for Chemistry! You will find three different parts to this summer assignment. Part 1 is the SUPER FUN MEMORIZATION portion of the assignment. Please make sure you memorize anything that is required before you walk into AP class the first day of school. You will have many other things to memorize throughout the course, please make sure you have these down. Part 2 consist of pre-AP concepts and AP concepts that you either learned or will need to learn before the first week of school. Work through ALL the  problems (show work, include correct significant figures, and correct units where necessary). You will have a test during the first week of class over the information found in all parts of the summer assignment. Part 3 you are given Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 notes from the AP chemistry curriculum. Use these notes to help answer the second part of the assignment. IF you struggle, please utilize sources on the internet to help refresh your memory. It’s going to be a FUN year in AP Chemistry! Please be  prepared the first day! * Part 2 of the summer assignment will need to be turned in the Monday we come back to school (august 24 th  ). The first test will be Friday, August 28th over Chapter 1 and 2. There will be a memorization quiz second day of school over part 1.  PART 1: LIST OF THINGS YOU MUST HAVE MEMORIZED: 1.   Six strong acids: (know the name and be able to write) a.   Perchloric acid, HClO 4   b.   Sulfuric acid, H 2 SO 4  c.    Nitric acid, HNO 3  d.   Hydrobromic acid, HBr e.   Hydroiodic acid, HI f. Hydrochloric acid, HCl 2.   Flame Test Colors: (name the metal and the color it burns) a.   Barium  –   green  b.   Copper  –   blue/green c.   Lithium  –   red d.   Potassium  –   lavender e.   Sodium  –   yellow/orange f.   Strontium  –   orange/red g.   Calcium-orange 3. Polyatomic ions: (name the ion and be able to write the formula with the correct charge) a.   Hydroxide, OH-  b.    Nitrate, NO 3-  c.    Nitrite, NO 2-  d.   Sulfate, SO 42-  e.   Sulfite, SO 32-  f.   Phosphate, PO 43-  g.   Carbonate, CO 32-  h.   Permanganate, MnO 4-  i.   Bicarbonate/Hydrogen Carbonate, HCO 3-   j.   Acetate, CH 3 COO -  k.   Ammonium, NH 3+  l.   Chlorate, ClO 3-  m.   Chlorite, ClO 2-  n.   Perchlorate, ClO 4-  o.   Chromate, CrO 42-    Part 2: Pre-AP and AP Chemistry concepts (use the notes given to you in part 3, the power points on my website, or the internet as a resource) Chapter 1: Chemical Foundations 1.   What is matter? 2.   Draw the matter flowchart. 3.   How do you distinguish: a. An element from a compound. b. An element from a mixture. c. A true solution from a heterogeneous mixture. d. Distillation from filtration. 4.   An extensive property is one that depends on the amount of the sample. Which of the following properties are extensive? JUSTIFY. a. volume b. density c. temperature d. energy e. melting point. 5.   Label each of the following as either a physical process or a chemical process. a. Corrosion of aluminum metal. b. Melting of ice. c. Pulverizing an aspirin. d. Digesting a candy bar. e. Explosion of nitroglycerin. f. Milk turning sour. g. Burning of paper. h. Forming of frost on a cold night. i. Bleaching of hair with hydrogen peroxide.  j. A copper wire is hammered flat. 6.   Write the most common rules used to determine significant figures with an example. 7.   How many significant figures are in each of the following? a. 1.92 mm b. 0.030100 kJ c. 6.022 x10 23  atoms d. 460.00 L e. 0.00036 cm3 f. 100 g. 1001 h. 0.001 8.   Calculate the following to the correct number of significant figures. a. 1.27 g / 5.296 cm 3   b. 12.235 g / 1.01 L d. 17.3 g + 2.785 g  e. 2.1 x 3.21 f. 200.1 x 120 g. 17.6 + 2.838 + 2.3 + 110.77 9.   The actual density of a certain material is 7.44 g/cm 3 . A student measures the density of the same material as 7.30 g/cm 3 . What is the percent error of the measurement? (Show all work round answer to correct number of sig figs!) 10.   Use dimensional analysis to convert the following: a. 20 gallons into ml b. 3 meters into centimeters c. 10 kilometers into meters d. 15,050 milligrams into grams e. 3,264 milliliters into liters f. 9,674,444 grams into kilograms 11.   A scientist gathers the following information to find the density of silver. Trial #1 8.35g/mL Trial #2 8.33g/mL Trial #3 8.34g/mL Trial #4 8.38g/ml After completing the lab, he is told that the density of silver is 10.5g/mL. This scientist’s data is accurate, precise, neither, both? Justify. 12. Donovan was trying to answer the question, “Which is denser, zinc or copper?” He believed that if he were to calculate the density of both substances, then the zinc would be the densest. The materials he used in his experiment were one small block of zinc, one small block of copper, a ruler, a triple beam balance, and a calculator. Donovan measured the length, height, and width of each block using a ruler. He then placed each sample on a square of cardboard and the block to the triple beam balance, and found the mass of each substance. He collected the following data: Element Length (cm) height (cm Width (cm) Mass (g)  Copper 1.34 1.67 2.94 58.95 Zinc 1.53 2.33 3.24 82.47 Answer the following question based on the information above. SHOW ALL WORK. Use correct units and sig figs. a. Calculate the density of both the copper and zinc. Clearly label your work and answer for each metal. (round your answer to the correct number of sig figs after each step.) b. Compare the density of copper and zinc to the density of water. Use this information to JUSTIFY the behavior of both metals when placed in a beaker of water. Write in complete sentences. 13. Convert the following temperatures from Celsius to Kelvin a.   16 o C b.   -90.0 o C 14. Convert the following temperatures from Kelvin to Celsius a.   86 K b.   872 K
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